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The Holocaust in Camps

Who Were the Victims of the Holocaust?


German Jews were targeted by the Nazis, but the majority of Jews murdered were not German. The photograph below shows members of the Robinsohn family on a walk in Germany, 1928. In the late 1930s, the Robinsohn family left Hamburg and emigrated to Britain.

Robinsohn Family Photo, Germany 1928
Robinsohn Family Photo, Germany 1928


Jews from across Europe: the vast majority, around 97%, of the Jews murdered in the Holocaust were not German. Of the approximately six million Jews who were killed, around two million of them were Polish.

The photograph below shows Eugen and Helene Fürze, a family with Jewish roots, relaxing with their family and friends. It was taken in the 1930s in Susice, Czech Republic.

Eugen and Helene Fürze and Family
Eugen and Helene Fürze and Family

Eugen emigrated to Britain with his father and son in 1938. His wife Helene stayed with her mother in Prague. In 1942 she was murdered by the Nazis, likely in Majdanek (a concentration and extermination camp in Poland).



Up to about 500,000 Roma were murdered by the Nazis and their collaborators in extermination camps and in mass shooting in Soviet Territories. Roma were considered racially inferior by the Nazis and targeted for murder.

Photo of Roma Family in 1930s Europe, a woman is washing clothes in a metal tub
Roma Family in 1930s Europe