Free learning resources from arts, cultural and heritage organisations.

Teachers' Notes

Resource created by Bradford Museums | Cliffe Castle Museum

This resource reveals the different types of rock and how rocks are used in everyday life.   

Curriculum Links

  • KS2 Science: Rocks
  • KS3 Science: Rocks and the Rock Cycle
  • KS3 Geography: Physical Geography


Learning Objectives

  • Knowledge that the characteristics of rocks make them suitable for a variety of purposes
  • Understanding of the fact that rocks can be grouped according to observable characteristics
  • Skills to observe and compare rocks

Discussion Ideas

  • What examples of each type of rock have you come across in your daily life?
  • Have you ever collected any fossils or types of rock yourself, or seen them in a museum? Describe them.
  • Why do you think rocks are important?
  • Describe what you think the area below the surface of the Earth looks like?
  • What do you think a geologist does?


Comprehension Questions

  • Which rock do you think is the strongest?
  • Which rock is often found on top of buildings?
  • What type of rock is sometimes used in cleaning products?
  • Which rock is used to make both soap and statues?
  • Buildings from Yorkshire are often made of which kind of rock?
  • Which type of rock is at the bottom of the sea?

Activity Ideas

  • Draw a picture of each type of rock and use the information within this resource to label its features.